Secret of Anubis - Ancient Astronomy
Behold, the Secrets of Ancient Egypt, the land that the universe created when the cosmos made the Nile. As the Queen of the constellations raised herself above the two horizons and declared her name as Sirius, so did the jubilation of life occur, meanwhile her husband the constellation of Orion stands guard by her.

The articles that you find here, investigates all the mysteries that lies hidden in the ancient desert sand, specifically their spiritual nature which began among the stars.

While I worked in Egypt I quickly saw something more than the guides would talk about.
Like I would say to my guests before entering a temple, "I can give you the regular guide story, which last 40 min, and then you can walk around by yourself? Or..."

"I can give you everything I've got, meaning I will tell you the details, and anything you point to, I will explain. I will use up all of your time, and still have a lot to say. the choice is yours".
- Guess which one they picked, always :)

You could say that this blog is based on that concept, of giving you everything I've got, on what ever topic from this ancient land.

Mysterious objects, that either moves or sings, are studied in more detail. I can guarantee you a journey which you haven't seen before, from below the ground to up among the stars.

The Pyramid builders that left empty sarcophagus and a knowledge which no one have been able to imitate since...
A peculiar and mysterious thing, is also the fact that what we have from the Pyramid Builders are in stone not papyrus manuscripts. Their spiritual belief was written into the stones.

The mysteries of Edgar Cayce are also looked into, as well as the case of the Emerald tablets.

Furthermore you have a unique opportunity to read more about individual stars and constellations of ancient Egypt, known under the name of the Decans.

This blog goes extensively into different subjects from this holy land, and takes you on a real as well as truthful journey into the magical land of the great ancient Egyptians.

The Emerald tablets articles can be found under the label Hermes Trismegitus, there are more than one article about each subject, and it is for that reason that they are arranged into label categories.

You can also use the list below, turning the pages to see illustrating images of each article.
Showing posts with label Hatshepsut. Show all posts
By Karima Lachtane

Senenmut the Astronomer

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The Greatest Astronomer, Senenmut


He is proven to be a genius of his time, to this day, his monuments still stand as a perfection of the reign of Hatshepsut. Senenmut was her closet friend as well as being her chief architect.

Who was Senenmut?
Who were Senenmut's parents?
Valley of the Nobles - The Unused Tomb
Tomb of Senenmut
Senenmut the Astronomer

Hatshepsut's most devoted friend at the end of her reign was Sen-en-mut, he was also her daughter Neferu-Ra's teacher. 
He rose himself from a poor boy to be a high official in the ancient world. 



Who was Senenmut?


Sen-en-mut, literary means ‘Brother of the mother.’ Best known as Hatshepsut’s chief architect as mentioned, but also know under the title Steward of the King's Daughter. 

He came from a modest family, but was able to rise himself to the highest place in ancient Egypt, working as a official inside the royal courts. 

His image is also found 70 times, in one of Hatshepsut’s temples.
He clearly proved his diverse abilities, Being an outstanding teacher, as well as dealing with huge building projects.


Another title of his was ‘Director of the Domain of Amun’ which connects him to the temple of Amun in Karnak, read more about this below under the astronomer headline.

Who were Senenmut’s parents?

It was not a big tomb, only one room, but completely filled with ancient artifacts. Two sarcophagus* were found, one male and one female, it was Sen-en-mut’s parents. 

For the first time in over 1400 years, their names would be uttered by the living once more, they were Ramose and Hatnefret.

Senenmut probably felt more affection for his mother than for his father this can be suspected because of the tombs content. First of, it would seem that there was no canopic chest* for his father, but his mothers canopic chest was there.

They proceeded to open the sarcophagus of Ramose, Senenmut’s father, but to their surprise it contained the skeleton bones of him instead of a mummified body. 

The loose bandages around his bones, revealed an ink mark with an inscription “Neferu-Ra” the name of Hatshepsut’s daughter, hereby linking this tomb directly to the family of Hatshepsut. 

Hatnefret, the mother of Sen-en-mut had a beautiful detailed sarcophagus, and her face was covered by a gold foil. 

Upon her bandages were found the cursive hieroglyphics inscription;
‘Good Goddess, Maat – Ka- Ra, loved by Amun, may she live forever.’ 

It would seem that everything in the tomb actually belonged to Senenmut’s mother, Hatnefret. Not only did they come to find that this monument was built by Senenmut, but also that he had his parents buried beneath it, as a tribute to them.


Valley of the Nobles - The Unused Tomb

While archeologist's were collecting objects from the 18. Dynasty (18. Dynasty was between 1570 BC - 1293 BC.) They came across objects with Hatshepsut's name engraved on them. 

But some of the objects also bore another name, the name Senenmut.

It was quickly known, that this Senenmut was not a part of the royal family (pharaohs family line), but seem to have come from a commoners family. This idea was confirmed two times at one place. 

In 1930 H.E Winlock opened a monument (also known as TT71) which lies on the hill called 'Sheikh abd el-Qurna,' when exactly this monument was discovered or by who, is unknown.


It is presumed to have been discovered one hundred years before its opening.


At first glace it seems like a primitive house of some sort, wholes revealing windows and doors. Closer inspections of the monument, showed a similarity to Hatshepsut’s Great temple at Deir el-Bahari, but in a much smaller scale. 

The monument was cut into the cliffs behind it, and a forecourt in front of it. 

Archeologists could see that the monument was not completed, when the ancient Egyptian worker had stopped working on the site.
While A. Lansing and W. Hayes were excavating in 1936 and researching this monument, they came across a completely intact tomb.    


Senenmut the Astronomer

This is an important tomb, because not only is it from the time of Hatshepsut, but this is also the location of the oldest detailed astronomical chart ever found. 

The Tomb offers a unique insight, into how they viewed the dark heavens in those days. 


the Decans can be seen in their forms at that time, There are 36 decans, and they are stars. In those days, they were seen as 36 weekly stars. 


There is also 12 big circles in one half of the images, which corresponds to the half of a day 12 hours. If we count the rooms inside each circle, we come to find that there are 24 rooms, corresponding to the total hours of one day. 


So this could also indicate that the 24 hours in the 12 circles, are 12 days. Much research has been made into this chart, and to this day, it is not completely deciphered.


Personal note

That it was Amun that he chose to service is probably a conscious choice. In his time period of around Hatshepsut’s time (1489 B.C) it was the astrological age of the Ram, known in ancient Egypt as Amun (there are three and maybe more forms of Ram’s). 

Even more interesting is the fact that the ancient Greeks translated Amun as Jupiter. In our modern time we know this ‘combination’ (or the observation of Jupiter) of planets, as the star of Bethlehem (also see Constellation of PISCES ) , Jupiter was the planet that the three kings followed. 


This planet has always been a significant planet, going back to ancient days. We just need to look at the year 1489 B.C where Jupiter was in the sign of Aries, but in this case, being even more precise, because it was also the astrological age of Aries.


Not only that, if I am not that mistaken then Jupiter is in conjunction with the Midheaven off course the events surrounding the Jupiter placement in 7 B.C are more significant than that. 

But then in 7 B.C it wasn’t the astrological age of Aries/the Ram, so they have two huge differences. 

- Just something which I thought was interesting.


Note: 

Sarcophagus: Also known as the ‘coffin’ where they placed the mummified body in. The word ‘sarcophagus’ is Greek and actually means ‘flesh-eating’. Usually a sarcophagus/coffin is filled with texts, which is referred to as the ‘coffin texts’. 

canopic chest:
 Also known as canopic jars, which are four vessels that were used for the organs of the deceased. 

False-door:
 a door in the tomb, which was to be used by the deceased's soul. 

Resources (Just some books) 


Hatshepsut by Amr Hussein Chronicle of the Pharaohs by Peter A. Clayton The Complete Valley of the Kings by Nicholas Reeves and Richard H. Wilkinson Again I could not post everything there is to know about Senenmut, like Hatshepsut their lives could each fill many books, but I can give you some links for further reading. - Website by Dr. Karl H. Leser (Iufaa) - Also visit the Sen-en-mut project

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Hatshepsut


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By Karima Lachtane

Hatshepsut

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First a Story
Who was Hat-shep-sut?
From Queen to King
The Queens cartouche's
Monuments
Translation of the Obelisk text
Tomb of the Queen

"Be Silent our Daughter of Daughters, and listen to our words...." she was struck dead in her track as she heard the voices...


"You are your fathers First born, his Only born child under Nut.... You have the heart and soul of many kings, yet the very people that you love, will try to keep you from your destiny... But they shall not succeed..."

The little girl stood still, in the beautiful hall of her fathers palace, as if the voice had pulled her into a trance, her 9 year old body stood as still as the granite statues of her father.

"Do not forsake your mind, for we, the great ones that walk in front of Anubis, will always speak to you in your meditations.. Men will come to stand in awe of your name, and you shall have adventures, which men only dream about.."

Hatshepsut awoke from the trance like state, the thought and voice, quickly became a past memory, and the child ran off into another game...

Who was Hat-shep-sut


She was the first and only child by Tuthmosis I and his first wife.


She lived around 1508 - 1458 B.c. 
To put this into perspective, 
she lived a long time 
before Ramesses II and Sety I. 
Almost 4000 years ago from today.



Tuthmosis I loved his daughter so much, and unlike other daughters, she would try to imitate her father, at different events. He was proud of her, but he foresaw the troubles ahead.

Tuthmosis I finally had a son Tuthmosis II with his second wife, whom he raised to be the next heir. Yet he knew that the throne rightfully belonged to her, and that she was the one of the royal blood of the first.


But royal blood or not, the priest would Never accept a female leader.. no one knows why...

Because of the priests rules, queen Hat-shep-sut was semi-forced to marry her brother, hereby giving him the power needed to rule Egypt. She was married with her younger half brother, together they would rule for 14 years. 

They did not have a son, which left Tuthmosis II with the same problem as her father was left with. Tutmosis II died at a young age, and had chosen his son Tuthmosis III by a second wife, to marriage her. 

From Queen to King



Again to keep everything in the accepted orders, Tuthmosis III was still a young boy, which gave queen Hatshepsut the possibility to rule as she wanted, as long as she pleased the priests. 

One day it was announced that Amun the Hidden One had spoken to her, while she was meditating at Karnak.

Amun had declared her the rightful ruler of Egypt, with such an announcement the priest were caught of guard.

They must have found themselves in a rather peculiar situation, which had never been seen before.

It was accepted both by the people and by the priests that the pharaohs was able to connect directly to the divine.

So when Hat-shep-sut said what she said, she knew that they could not really challenge the statement, because in doing so they would be challenging the entire hierarchy.

She has 3 official names 
(most likely one secret name)

Birth name
Priestess name/ Throne name
Horus name


From the earliest time, the ancient kings of Egypt would have 4 strong names

Horus name
Nebti name
Horus of gold name
Nesu bati name


The Queens Cartouche's




Maat-ka-Ra

Throne name
The Soul of Ra is justified
Justice - soul - Ra
Ra's soul is justifed

As you can see on the pictures above, which I took in Luxor, Egypt, gives the name of maatkara. 

This is actually a priestess (title) order who served under the Lord Amun, interestingly they use the word Ra and not Amun.

I will talk more about this female priesthood in a upcoming post.

A name made up of 3 words:

Maat
As you can see on the picture, maat points to a sitting figure, notice that this figure has a feather on the head.

This is the goddess known as Maat, the balance keeper of the universe. Without her, the ancient Egyptian believed that they would drift into the chaos of the universe.

ka
"Oh lord of the universe my Ka exist by your rules alone".

The ka is the core of a human being. But like all the words in ancient Egypt, and the defiant meaning is still unknown.

It is the double, image, the subconscious self, the abstract personality, character as well as the mind.

So as you can see, the Ka is much like the word maat, we have an assumption, because we have seen it used in context, that revealed these words.

But even in ancient Egypt, there seems to be confusion about this word. 

The Pyramid text tell us that,
The Ka lives in Heaven, and that one can be happy with our ka's. That one can join the ka to their body.

So these things are a lot more complex, and might give us other valuable information about the time.

Ra
The first creator on the First day. Ra as you probably already know, is the Sun..

But when ancient Egyptians would use this symbol, they could also be referring to the 'First Day', especially the first day that Ra rose above the horizon.

Now this was the queens Hatshepsut's cartouche for her throne name.




The Hat-shep-sut cartouche for her birth name looks different, and also serves another purpose.

The word means 
"Foremost of Noble Ladies"

It is peculiar to me, that the cartouche above,  does not seem to give the word Hatshepsut... One word is missing...

Here is how I translate this name...

The last figure, is another version of the word 'Sheps' which means noble, honourable, and the sainted dead..

The next part is the Lion front part and the letter t below it. This part makes up 'hat'

The next part is the most tricky one if you ask me. I would guess this is where they got the u from. The vessel alone means xnem: To unite, to be joined to, and below the vessel there is placed yet another t.

I would translate the first part of the cartouche as 'amun/amen'

To me her name looks more like this, from one end to the other.



Her Horus name




The Horus names could be seen in a more mythological way, in that it belongs to the story of Horus, and who is the rightful ruler after Horus the great son.

The three up raised arms alone, is used to identify the KAU-spirits, plur.  It was said that Ptah was the creator of the KAU spirits.

Monuments


Hatshepsut was not known for going into war, like other rulers were, but rather for her big trading expedition to Punt. She is also known for her fine monuments, which is of a very high and unique quality. 


Quote from her. "Hear ye, all persons! Ye people as many as ye are! I have done this according to the design of my heart. ... I have restored that which was in ruins.."

Her monuments are to be found at Luxor temple, and Karnak temple and her great funerary temple at Deir el-bahari and at many other sites. 


In my guide book, the magical guide to Luxor temple, I bring a little light upon her boat temple in Luxor temple and how Ramesses II probably felt about her. 

It is widely known that Hat-shep-sut had a huge impact upon her father, and brother/husband and her Son/husband. 

Many scholars believe she manipulated the men around her, when in fact she just did as a queen would do. And if we put the shoe on the other foot, then she seemed to have been seen as  an object, given from one man to another.

Egyptologist James Henry said she is also known as "the first great woman in history of whom we are informed."


An obelisk that lies down in one of the temples at Karnak, it shows the crowning of Hatshepsut in male form. Upon the obelisk, the god Amun declares his appreciation of Hatshepsut as pharaoh.

Hat-shep-sut's devotion to Amun, deserves a post by itself. So I am making a post about these priestesses.


Translation of the Obelisk text



Horus strong spirited youthful of years. Horus the Golden Bright God. Egyptian queen of upper and lower lands maat KA RA.

She has erected as monument for her father master of Amun made of lots of electrum.

She lightens the two lands like Atum. She has done what no one has done since the beginning of the earth.


which Hatshepsut daughter of the sun has made giving life like Ra forever.


East Side of the Obelisk



Horus strong of spirit queen of upper and lower Egypt Maat Ka Ra beloved of Amun.

Forever this monument stands with the name of her father.

When flattery was given to king of upper and lower Egypt. Master of the lands Aa Kheber Ka Ra (Her father other name) by his majesty the Great Noble God.

When two Great Obelisks have been erected by her majesty in the first occasion.

They are words by the Master of the Gods.

It if your father king of upper and lower Egypt Aa Kheber Ka Ra giver of command to erect the obelisks.


Your majesty shall repeat the monuments causing life forever.


North side of the Obelisk



Horus strong spirited green of life that is the Bright God of upper and lower Egypt mistress of two lands Maat Ka Ra.

Her father Amun has fixed her name Maat Ka Ra on the Holy Tree.

Her annals like millions of years united with life and welfare.

Daughter of Ra Hatshepsut beloved of the king of Gods Amun in front of this beautiful solid monument.

Which she erected for him in the first Jubilee to offer eternal life.


The Base of the Obelisk


Living Horus strong spirited green of years Golden Horus the Bright Godess.

Goddess of upper and lower Egypt Maat Ka Ra Daughter of the sun Hatshepsut eternal life forever.

Daughter of Amun Ra who is in his heart.

His only child whom he has brought. The useful image of everyone's master.

Whom spirit of lyouno had created her beauty.

Holder of the two lands as arso who had created her to carry his crowns.

Who is there as Kheberi who shines with his crowns like Ekhti.

The chaste egg that has come out useful.

Whom the Great of Magic had reared.

Whom Amun himself had raised to his throne in lyouno on southern thebes.

Whom he has chosen to protect Egypt and to protect mankind and people.

Horus protector of her father the old daughter of God Kamout Ef.

Whom Ra has brought to be for him an excellent seed on earth.

For the welfare of people. His living image.

Egyptian queen Maat Ka Ra of upper and lower land the best of kings...

-it continues...

Tomb of the Queen


She had a couple of Tombs, but her body has not yet been found.

Howard Carter found the first one and wrote.
"As a king, it was clearly necessary for her to have her tomb in the Valley like all other kings - as a matter of fact I found her tomb myself in 1903- 

and the present tomb was abandoned. She would have been better advised to hold to her original plan. 

In this secret spot her mummy would have had a reasonable chance of avoiding disturbance: in the Valley it had none. A king she would be, and a king's fate she shared".

The second one is to be found at the base of the cliffs in the corner of the eastern part of the Valley of the Kings.




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