Secrets of Ancient Egypt: pharaohs
Secret of Anubis - Ancient Astronomy
This Blog "Secrets of Ancient Egypt" was started 19. September 2008 under the name "Mysteries of Ancient Egypt"

Behold, the Secrets of Ancient Egypt, the land that the universe created when the cosmos made the Nile. As the Queen of the constellations raised herself above the two horizons and declared her name as Sirius, so did the jubilation of life occur, meanwhile her husband the Egyptian constellation of Orion stands guard by her.

The articles that you find here, investigates all the mysteries that lies hidden in the ancient desert sand, specifically their spiritual nature which began among the stars.

While I worked in Egypt I quickly saw something more than the guides would talk about.
Like I would say to my guests before entering a temple, "I can give you the regular guide story, which last 40 min, and then you can walk around by yourself? Or..."

"I can give you everything I've got, meaning I will tell you the details, and anything you point to, I will explain. I will use up all of your time, and still have a lot to say. the choice is yours".
- Guess which one they picked, always :)

You could say that this blog is based on that concept, of giving you everything I've got, on what ever topic from this ancient land.

Mysterious objects, that either moves or sings, are studied in more detail. I can guarantee you a journey which you haven't seen before, from below the ground to up among the stars.

The Pyramid builders that left empty sarcophagus and a knowledge which no one have been able to imitate since...
A peculiar and mysterious thing, is also the fact that what we have from the Pyramid Builders are in stone not papyrus manuscripts. Their spiritual belief was written into the stones.

The mysteries of Edgar Cayce are also looked into, as well as the case of the Emerald tablets.

Furthermore you have a unique opportunity to read more about individual stars and constellations of ancient Egypt, known under the name of the Decans.

This blog goes extensively into different subjects from this holy land, and takes you on a real as well as truthful journey into the magical land of the great ancient Egyptians.

The Emerald tablets articles can be found under the label Hermes Trismegitus, there are more than one article about each subject, and it is for that reason that they are arranged into label categories.

You can also use the list below, turning the pages to see illustrating images of each article.
Showing posts with label pharaohs. Show all posts
By WindBlowerTM

Seti I Heb Sed Festival

This is an article post about the great pharaoh Seti I and his Heb Sed Festival, this article is connected to 
The articles above, deal with those pharaohs Heb Sed festivals, and gives you the basic details so fare known behind this peculiar festival. 
This article on the other hand, investigates some interesting points to the image used for the festival themselves. 

- Analyzing Festival Scenes

- The Astronomical Connections

Again,... Interestingly I think Sety I temple at Abydos offers more clarification upon the mysterious festival, so I will use the pictures that I took at the temple.

I am of the belief that it is NOT a 30 year festival as the scholars have settled upon, but I actually believe that this ritual festival has more to do with some Astronomical Relationship between Earths Seasons.

Now, I am well aware of, how this must sound to the scholar mind, so please do bear with me, as I venture into yet another unexplored path among the old...

I do not say that I am right, but I will prove my point with more than my own words or theories, I will use what is known, and draw attention to the smaller details that people so quickly move by.

Analyzing Festival Scenes

The deeper that I dig into these ritual scenes, the more you might be unfamiliar with them, but the scholar would know what I am talking about. Again you must remember everything is not known yet, fare from it...

So here we see the great Seti I in a running motion, he has a staff like thing in his hand and a wipe in his other hand. 

It is accepted among scholars that this scene is called the Hed-Sed festival, and most believe it to be an event that took place every 30 years of a pharaohs life. 

Yet there are so much evidence that points in another direction, too many pharaohs have more than one of these scenes on their temple walls, yet they hardly ruled for 60 years (30 years X 2)...

So the question would logical be (if one wanted to explore the thought even more), could it be something different that what we perceive the Heb-Sed festival to be?

- I do suspect that the answer to this, is Yes :)

As I mentioned in the other posts which are referenced to at the beginning of this post, I was thought by an scholar Egyptologist in what the Heb-Sed festival was thought to be about, yet their perception seemed very off to me..

Again I will not go into describing the celebration of the festival in this post, because I have already done so before.

Here I will show you how my mind works, and what I see, which does not follow the scholar books.

The first thing that I noticed, where both the differences in the scenes of one pharaoh (it could be either Ramesses II or Seti I, like other ritualistic images they follow a standard.. And unknown standard, yet you still see some common denominators among the scenes).

Another thing worth pointing out, is that the ancient Egyptians were masters of not only numerology, but also the dual images. 

By this I mean, there is this duality which goes harmonies through everything that they did, I talk more about this in my book "The Secret of Anubis, The Winter Triangle".

They did Nothing unintentionally !

The first thing that I notice with the festival scene, was the scorpion Goddess. You might think that I am referring to the smaller lady figure with her arms stretched out, but I am not talking about her, thou I think she too, is very important.

No, I am talking about one specific figure on the other side of the pharaoh, I have drawn it with white inside the red box-thing. That symbol is normally used for the Scorpion Goddess, who is also portrayed in their astronomical charts, which are found at either their tombs or their Death Temples.

The Scorpion goddess is the constellation of the Scorpion, this is clearly proved in many ancient tombs. 

Beneath the Scorpion goddess you have the symbol of "Horizon" ?.. Interesting considering...

It is also very clear that, as the scholars also say, that it is a ritual about the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt, under one pharaoh (king). This is illustrated through different symbols, such as the Pharaohs crowns on each scene, and the ladies that stands in front of the pharaoh.

The ladies that have their hands stretched out, is on one of the scenes a representation of the goddess of Upper Egypt, and in the other scene, she represents the goddess of Lower Egypt.

It is also interesting, to notice the different objects that the king is holding in each scene.

The Astronomical Connections

First off I would say, everything in ancient Egypt had deeper connections and always ends back at their most ancient Gods and goddess, namely the stars and constellations.

Placing the Scorpion goddess in the image, clearly indicates a connection to the holder of the symbol, and what she in depth stands for. Then we see a symbol of the word "horizon" beneath the Scorpion goddess symbol...

Another interesting observation about the ancient Egyptian, The Birthday of Osiris was called Heb-Tep... 

Osiris is in some context seen as a Moon god, but this is interesting because of what Osiris birthday actually meant back then. 

Osiris Birthday was one of the Epagomenal days, the first of them to be very exact. The birthdays of five certain gods and goddess were used to make up the calendar year, where we today use the 'leap-year' classification, because of difference in calendar ideas.

In ancient Egypt time and calendars belonged to the gods and goddess.

Again there might be some deeper connection to these scenes, than first presumed. Rather coincidental that Osiris birthday was known as Heb-Teb, and here we have a ritual called Heb-Sed? 

Could this peculiar running ritual have something to do with the Epagomenal days?

Read more about the Epagomenal days here

Sadly I was not looking for how many scenes there were in the temple at Abydos, Because in retrospect it would have been interesting to see if there were five scenes? I took pictures of four scenes.

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By WindBlowerTM


First a Story
Who was Hat-shep-sut?
From Queen to King
The Queens cartouche's
Translation of the Obelisk text
Tomb of the Queen

"Be Silent our Daughter of Daughters, and listen to our words...." she was struck dead in her track as she heard the voices...

"You are your fathers First born, his Only born child under Nut.... You have the heart and soul of many kings, yet the very people that you love, will try to keep you from your destiny... But they shall not succeed..."

The little girl stood still, in the beautiful hall of her fathers palace, as if the voice had pulled her into a trance, her 9 year old body stood as still as the granite statues of her father.

"Do not forsake your mind, for we, the great ones that walk in front of Anubis, will always speak to you in your meditations.. Men will come to stand in awe of your name, and you shall have adventures, which men only dream about.."

Hatshepsut awoke from the trance like state, the thought and voice, quickly became a past memory, and the child ran off into another game...

Who was Hat-shep-sut

She was the first and only child by Tuthmosis I and his first wife.

She lived around 1508 - 1458 B.c. 
To put this into perspective, 
she lived a long time 
before Ramesses II and Sety I. 
Almost 4000 years ago from today.

Tuthmosis I loved his daughter so much, and unlike other daughters, she would try to imitate her father, at different events. He was proud of her, but he foresaw the troubles ahead.

Tuthmosis I finally had a son Tuthmosis II with his second wife, whom he raised to be the next heir. Yet he knew that the throne rightfully belonged to her, and that she was the one of the royal blood of the first.

But royal blood or not, the priest would Never accept a female leader.. no one knows why...

Because of the priests rules, queen Hat-shep-sut was semi-forced to marry her brother, hereby giving him the power needed to rule Egypt. She was married with her younger half brother, together they would rule for 14 years. 

They did not have a son, which left Tuthmosis II with the same problem as her father was left with. Tutmosis II died at a young age, and had chosen his son Tuthmosis III by a second wife, to marriage her. 

From Queen to King

Again to keep everything in the accepted orders, Tuthmosis III was still a young boy, which gave queen Hatshepsut the possibility to rule as she wanted, as long as she pleased the priests. 

One day it was announced that Amun the Hidden One had spoken to her, while she was meditating at Karnak.

Amun had declared her the rightful ruler of Egypt, with such an announcement the priest were caught of guard.

They must have found themselves in a rather peculiar situation, which had never been seen before.

It was accepted both by the people and by the priests that the pharaohs was able to connect directly to the divine.

So when Hat-shep-sut said what she said, she knew that they could not really challenge the statement, because in doing so they would be challenging the entire hierarchy.

She has 3 official names 
(most likely one secret name)

Birth name
Priestess name/ Throne name
Horus name

From the earliest time, the ancient kings of Egypt would have 4 strong names

Horus name
Nebti name
Horus of gold name
Nesu bati name

The Queens Cartouche's


Throne name
The Soul of Ra is justified
Justice - soul - Ra
Ra's soul is justifed

As you can see on the pictures above, which I took in Luxor, Egypt, gives the name of maatkara. 

This is actually a priestess (title) order who served under the Lord Amun, interestingly they use the word Ra and not Amun.

I will talk more about this female priesthood in a upcoming post.

A name made up of 3 words:

As you can see on the picture, maat points to a sitting figure, notice that this figure has a feather on the head.

This is the goddess known as Maat, the balance keeper of the universe. Without her, the ancient Egyptian believed that they would drift into the chaos of the universe.

"Oh lord of the universe my Ka exist by your rules alone".

The ka is the core of a human being. But like all the words in ancient Egypt, and the defiant meaning is still unknown.

It is the double, image, the subconscious self, the abstract personality, character as well as the mind.

So as you can see, the Ka is much like the word maat, we have an assumption, because we have seen it used in context, that revealed these words.

But even in ancient Egypt, there seems to be confusion about this word. 

The Pyramid text tell us that,
The Ka lives in Heaven, and that one can be happy with our ka's. That one can join the ka to their body.

So these things are a lot more complex, and might give us other valuable information about the time.

The first creator on the First day. Ra as you probably already know, is the Sun..

But when ancient Egyptians would use this symbol, they could also be referring to the 'First Day', especially the first day that Ra rose above the horizon.

Now this was the queens Hatshepsut's cartouche for her throne name.

The Hat-shep-sut cartouche for her birth name looks different, and also serves another purpose.

The word means 
"Foremost of Noble Ladies"

It is peculiar to me, that the cartouche above,  does not seem to give the word Hatshepsut... One word is missing...

Here is how I translate this name...

The last figure, is another version of the word 'Sheps' which means noble, honourable, and the sainted dead..

The next part is the Lion front part and the letter t below it. This part makes up 'hat'

The next part is the most tricky one if you ask me. I would guess this is where they got the u from. The vessel alone means xnem: To unite, to be joined to, and below the vessel there is placed yet another t.

I would translate the first part of the cartouche as 'amun/amen'

To me her name looks more like this, from one end to the other.

Her Horus name

The Horus names could be seen in a more mythological way, in that it belongs to the story of Horus, and who is the rightful ruler after Horus the great son.

The three up raised arms alone, is used to identify the KAU-spirits, plur.  It was said that Ptah was the creator of the KAU spirits.


Hatshepsut was not known for going into war, like other rulers were, but rather for her big trading expedition to Punt. She is also known for her fine monuments, which is of a very high and unique quality. 

Quote from her. "Hear ye, all persons! Ye people as many as ye are! I have done this according to the design of my heart. ... I have restored that which was in ruins.."

Her monuments are to be found at Luxor temple, and Karnak temple and her great funerary temple at Deir el-bahari and at many other sites. 

In my guide book, the magical guide to Luxor temple, I bring a little light upon her boat temple in Luxor temple and how Ramesses II probably felt about her. 

It is widely known that Hat-shep-sut had a huge impact upon her father, and brother/husband and her Son/husband. 

Many scholars believe she manipulated the men around her, when in fact she just did as a queen would do. And if we put the shoe on the other foot, then she seemed to have been seen as  an object, given from one man to another.

Egyptologist James Henry said she is also known as "the first great woman in history of whom we are informed."

An obelisk that lies down in one of the temples at Karnak, it shows the crowning of Hatshepsut in male form. Upon the obelisk, the god Amun declares his appreciation of Hatshepsut as pharaoh.

Hat-shep-sut's devotion to Amun, deserves a post by itself. So I am making a post about these priestesses.

Translation of the Obelisk text

Horus strong spirited youthful of years. Horus the Golden Bright God. Egyptian queen of upper and lower lands maat KA RA.

She has erected as monument for her father master of Amun made of lots of electrum.

She lightens the two lands like Atum. She has done what no one has done since the beginning of the earth.

which Hatshepsut daughter of the sun has made giving life like Ra forever.

East Side of the Obelisk

Horus strong of spirit queen of upper and lower Egypt Maat Ka Ra beloved of Amun.

Forever this monument stands with the name of her father.

When flattery was given to king of upper and lower Egypt. Master of the lands Aa Kheber Ka Ra (Her father other name) by his majesty the Great Noble God.

When two Great Obelisks have been erected by her majesty in the first occasion.

They are words by the Master of the Gods.

It if your father king of upper and lower Egypt Aa Kheber Ka Ra giver of command to erect the obelisks.

Your majesty shall repeat the monuments causing life forever.

North side of the Obelisk

Horus strong spirited green of life that is the Bright God of upper and lower Egypt mistress of two lands Maat Ka Ra.

Her father Amun has fixed her name Maat Ka Ra on the Holy Tree.

Her annals like millions of years united with life and welfare.

Daughter of Ra Hatshepsut beloved of the king of Gods Amun in front of this beautiful solid monument.

Which she erected for him in the first Jubilee to offer eternal life.

The Base of the Obelisk

Living Horus strong spirited green of years Golden Horus the Bright Godess.

Goddess of upper and lower Egypt Maat Ka Ra Daughter of the sun Hatshepsut eternal life forever.

Daughter of Amun Ra who is in his heart.

His only child whom he has brought. The useful image of everyone's master.

Whom spirit of lyouno had created her beauty.

Holder of the two lands as arso who had created her to carry his crowns.

Who is there as Kheberi who shines with his crowns like Ekhti.

The chaste egg that has come out useful.

Whom the Great of Magic had reared.

Whom Amun himself had raised to his throne in lyouno on southern thebes.

Whom he has chosen to protect Egypt and to protect mankind and people.

Horus protector of her father the old daughter of God Kamout Ef.

Whom Ra has brought to be for him an excellent seed on earth.

For the welfare of people. His living image.

Egyptian queen Maat Ka Ra of upper and lower land the best of kings...

-it continues...

Tomb of the Queen

She had a couple of Tombs, but her body has not yet been found.

Howard Carter found the first one and wrote.
"As a king, it was clearly necessary for her to have her tomb in the Valley like all other kings - as a matter of fact I found her tomb myself in 1903- 

and the present tomb was abandoned. She would have been better advised to hold to her original plan. 

In this secret spot her mummy would have had a reasonable chance of avoiding disturbance: in the Valley it had none. A king she would be, and a king's fate she shared".

The second one is to be found at the base of the cliffs in the corner of the eastern part of the Valley of the Kings.

More Articles that You might find Interesting

Hatshepsut By , July 1, 2013 Discover the Truth about the Ancient Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut, you can even read a quote from her....
4.5 stars - 97 reviews

Read More »
By WindBlowerTM

Things found inside Djosers Step Pyramid

People tend to believe that the Pyramids were empty when they were first opened, but this is not true. 

The Great Pyramids at Giza are the most popular pyramids among people today, but in fact there are many pyramids all the way down to Sudan. 

But even thou the Great Pyramids are so famous, how many people know about what was found inside the pyramids, when they were first opened after thousands of years? 

One thing that might baffle people for eternity, could be why so few if any people have been found in their sarcophagus in the pyramids of Egypt? 

Or why so many lids seem to be of some sort of importance, based on their placement and different looks? 

Or why they all seem to follow a curtain building plan, in the placement of the rocks and even holes.

Djoser Step Pyramid

(also known as Zoser) 3. Dynasty 2630 - 2611 B.C. 
The Granite Tomb Chamber (Supposedly Djoser's resting place); 
There were found pieces of mummies in this chamber. 

Under an outer roughly linen layer, another much finer linen layer was found which was neatly wrapped around (some veins) and bones of the mummy. 

This was a uniquely technique, used only in the old kingdom and maybe even before the old kingdom. 
New C14 age testing has revealed that the mummies are several hundred of years younger than Djoser.

The Eastern Shafts and Galleries underneath Djoser's Step Pyramid; 

This Pyramid is a most fascinating building, and it is build up in different stages. But below the step pyramid, there has been found something more mysterious. 

A deep structure underneath the pyramid, where there is eleven shafts/corridors that stretch towards the west. 

The Galleries called I and IV, have apparently been used as tombs, because two intact sarcophagus of Alabaster were found there and fragments of even more were also found. 

The Gallery called III, could be seen as a corridor that leads to an opening of a little bit bigger room, which were covered by fine Limestone. There were also found the Hip bone of an 18 years old woman, and the tomb bore the sigil of Djoser's Horus name and two other titles which belonged to Imhotep. New C14 Age testing has revealed something, which only adds to the secrets of the Pyramid of Djoser. One set of bones belonging to a woman, dates to several generations Before Djoser. 

The Gallery called VI and IX, contained a beautiful collection of stone vessels, and stacks of plates and cups. Most of the items were made of Alabaster, but there were also found other fine stone materials among the items. All together there were around 40.000 objects. Many objects had inscriptions upon them, and they clearly did not belong to Djoser, they probably belonged to his pharaoh ancestors.

The most obvious mystery to Djoser's Step Pyramid
Is probably the other Tomb, which is also known as the 'South Tomb.' Excavation lead archaeologists to discover not one but two different underground levels. Both have an inner tomb chamber, but they are as fare as I know, two different sizes. 

There are countless of theories as to why this South Tomb exists.

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By WindBlowerTM

Behold the Pharaohs List

Pharaohs List

ISBN: 87-991527-4-6

By Karima Lachtane


Unearth 6 pages of detailed research covering some of Pharaoh Narmer and Scorpio's stele and mace, and be taken on a astonishing journey more than 4000 years back in time.

Just imagine that you are digging in the desert sand, and low and behold you actually find an ancient treasure?..
Imagine what it would feel like?

One excavation team near Abydos, would experience just that...

A German excavation team at Umm el-Qaab (a place near Abydos), found fourteen of Narmer's predecessors.

This was an astounding discovery, and other objects in the tombs would reveal a unification before the time of Narmer, who was considered the first pharaoh that had unified Upper and Lower Egypt.

This means that even their Kings list, is not complete yet, but until then, I give you the current kings list of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs.

The Pharaohs List

The best thing about this eBook besides that it is FREE ;)
Is the fact that you have the visual hieroglyphics of the pharaohs names, at the touch of your finger.

- Perfect for iPad users. 
If you are standing right there in the temple, and you would like to know which pharaohs name that you are looking at, then volar!

Turin King List   ISBN: 87-991527-4-6

Scorpion's mace head and Narmer's Palette

James E. Quibell and Frederick W. Green was investigating the temple of Horus at Hierakonpolis between 1897-1898, when they found Pharaoh Scorpion's mace head.

In a pit labeled 'Main deposit' between two walls, they found Scorpion's mace head which can be seen at the start of this Book - among the first chapters, where Scorpion's name is written. 

The Palette of Narmer was also found in that deposit.

Narmer and Scorpion lived before the great Pyramid builders, hereby making it very likely that their religious belief was as the later Pyramid builders, in that they were Star Worshippers.
This is an exclusive insight and observation of Scorpion's mace head and Narmer's palette.  

FREE E-book
 Download it NOW!

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By WindBlowerTM

The Forgotten Labyrinth of Egypt - Private Archive #0092


The Forgotten Labyrinth of Egypt - Private Archive #0092

If you have read my post Private Archive #0091, then this can be seen as Private Archive #0092.
In #0091 posts I told you about a journey that I took to a curtain place in the great desert land. I was looking for a specific pyramid for a very specific reason the forgotten labyrinth of Egypt. I did not disclose this in the other post, but I'll give you a peek now.

From the blog post Private Archive #0091
I am actually standing on the secret chambers of the labyrinth of Egypt

The Forgotten Labyrinth of Egypt - Private Archive #0092

I was looking for the forgotten Labyrinth of Egypt, which belonged to the pharaoh Amenemhat III. He built the greatest labyrinth besides his pyramid, but it was actually not a labyrinth at all. With all its corridors and small temples, people that came from outside Egypt saw it as the labyrinth of Egypt and named it such.

Then what was the Labyrinth of Egypt ?

It was something much more, something more divine in design. For the labyrinth of Egypt was the temple for each city in ancient Egypt, and each city (norme) was representation (of living place) of a god. This is, what is said, but I suspect it to be a dedication not only to the cities (norme's) but also to the Decans (stars). The Decans makes more sense because of the location of the structure, where as the gods and goddess belongs more among the living, on the other side of the Nile (but this is just my theory).

"The ancient Pyramid builders believed in the Starry kingdom (heavenly kingdom of the stars), maybe their pyramid was a pin-pointer for the pointed star which they spoke so much about".

The labyrinth of Egypt was counted to be 1500 chambers linked together above ground and 1500 chambers liked together with corridors of different sizes beneath the ground. The 1500 chamber above ground was for everyone, or should we say for the public. The 1500 chambers beneath the ground was off limits for everyone except priests and others with high statues.

Pretty ironically our car broke down, and I mean it really went down.
There we were stuck in the desert and I had to go to the toilet, There is only a Southpark Cartman statement to give to that "bip bip bip DaMmIT!"

Very interestingly in the middle of no where, with only piles of rocks in sight, there suddenly sits a couple of military people. As we approached they came over to us, and asked what we wanted, I told them that we wanted to see the pyramid of Amenemhat III. They were probably wondering why, because there is nothing left, as you can see on the picture above.

The pyramid still stands, but no one can enter, because of the ground water. But I was not there to enter anything, I was merely there because I wanted to observe the terrain, which reveals a lot by itself.

The military personnel kindly took me as fare into the pyramid as one could go, I could have dipped my toes in the dark scary looking water. But they followed us around, and I could not look at things like I wanted to, in total calmness, patiently, letting the sun change the colour of the sand. I felt very rushed.

The 1500 chambers of the labyrinth of Egypt

The labyrinth of Egypt, the part above ground has been lost for ages now. It is so sad that there is so much destruction among men..

"But I am very curtain that the 1500 chambers beneath the ground in the labyrinth of Egypt, still stands, and if I am not mistaken then no one has ever found a way into them, but I am curtain that the way is there. It's locked in the ancient manner, thereby making it invisible for modern man".

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By WindBlowerTM

Thutmose III Heb Sed festival stele CASE STUDY

Thutmose 3 Heb sed festival by Karima
Click the image to see a larger view.
Dendera temple is said to belong to the Greek period of the Egyptian time line, more precisely to the Ptolemy period (331 BC - 30AD).

When I visited Dendera temple the last time, I took some pictures out side the temple. I remember that I was struck by a deep fascination, when I took notice of some object which had unusually beautiful engravings upon them, not matching the Ptolemy artist style.
I clearly remember telling myself that this was not the art of the Greeks, then I thought it looks like the time of Queen Hatshepsut (1500-1400 BC), the style they used in her days.

Heb-Sed Festival

I was lucky to have had a course where the Egyptology teacher spoke with deep passion about the Heb-Sed festival which the ancient pharaohs would perform. In that case the teacher was speaking about the pharaoh Djoser, namely from the pyramid time period. 

I was deeply fascinated, I don't really know why. When I then visited Egypt last, I saw this scene in every temple I visited, except a few (but I would probably guess that they were there, I just didn't find them). 

I took pictures of all that I saw, and funny enough, again I don't know why. The reason why I wonder why this interested me, is because I am mostly fascinated by their beliefs and religion as we call it today, not that much about pharaohs.

But maybe it was the fascination of a religious ritual, which I found to be like a standard scene of some sort.

The scene is called Heb-Sed or just the Sed festival, and it was a very important ritual which we only see preformed by the pharaohs. One could call it a ritual which determent if the pharaoh was fit to rule and ruled with justice (Matt). 

No one knows where this ritual descends from or when it began to be practiced, but even other pharaohs/kings coming from different cultures, seem to have been depicting the same ritual scene. It was a huge festival in ancient days, probably one of the only times where the normal people got to see the pharaoh perform a sacred ritual.

It is said that the Heb-sed festival was held every 30 years in a pharaohs reign, which lead some to suspect that a pharaoh would only have one, if any at all. But most pharaohs have had this scene made for them on countless temple walls, and many of these pharaohs were a long way from a reign of 30 or more years, so could it be possible that it is not a 30 year celebration?

It is the Jackal god called Wepwawet that is thought to be connected to the Heb-Sed festival. Actually there is an ancient god called Sed, and it is him that the festival is dedicated too. The actually meaning of the god Sed, seems to be lost, the only thing known about Sed is that he was also associated with the goddess Matt, being a champion of Justice. 

Even in ancient days the Egyptian would change his attributes and they ended up with Wepwawet, who is also an ancient god. When the Egyptian reign came near its end, the Wapwawet worship was centered around a city the Greeks called Lykopolis or Wolf city, and by Arabic it is known as Asyut.

The pharaoh gave offerings to a goddess called Sechat-Hor, a mythological cow that provided milk (drink of immortality) to Horus. 

The next stage was that the nobles gathering together in front of the pharaoh, and rededicate their ligancy to him. Here after the pharaoh would run in the holy Sed court, he would do so carrying different sacred objects. 

At some point in the ritual the priests would led the pharaoh to a curtain place where the pharaoh was given the two crowns of Egypt, renewing the crowning ritual.

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